• MOOC coordinators Manuel Gértrudix Barrio & Rubén Arcos Martín
  • Content written by Cristina Ivan
  • Multimedia design by Alejandro Carbonell Alcocer
  • Visual Identity by Juan Romero Luis

Visual Journalism

Countering disinformation with professional and ethical journalism: hands-on hard news reporting and analysis journalism. Role-play as journalist and produce a news story and interpretative piece using open sources



Source: Visual Journalism Code of Ethics of the NPPA


Methodology and Resources

  • Arcos, Rubén (2019). “Open source intelligence portfolio: challenging and developing intelligence production and communication skills through simulations,” in The Art of Intelligence: More Simulations, Exercises, and Games, edited by Rubén Arcos and William J. Lahneman (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield): 14-38.
  • Arcos, Rubén (2020). Media ethics O1 deliverable. CRESCEnt project. 
  • Benson, Randy and Daniel C. Hallin. 2007. “How states, markets and globalization shape the news: the French and US national press,” European Journal of Communication 22(1): 27-48.
  • Esser, Frank and Andrea Umbricht. 2014. “The evolution of objective and interpretative journalism in the western press: comparing six news systems since the 1960s.” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 91(2): 229-249. 
  • Grijelmo, Álex. 2014. El estilo del periodista. Madrid: Taurus.
  • Hjarvard, Stig. 2010. “The views of the news: The role of political newspapers in a changing media landscape.” Northern Lights 8: 25–48, doi: 10.1386/ nl.8.25_1
  • Houston, Brant. 2015. “Interpretive journalism.” In The Concise Encyclopedia of communication, edited by Wolfwang Donsbach, p. 301. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons.
  • MacDougall, Curtis D. 1968. Interpretative reporting, 5th edition. New York: The Macmillan Company.
  • National Press Photographers Association (n.d.) National Press Photographers Association Code of Ethics. Available at:
  • Patterson, Thomas E. 1998. “Political roles of the journalist.” In The Politics of the News and the News of Politics, edited by Doris Graber, Denis McQuail, and Pippa Norris, 17-32. Washington D.C.: CQ Press.
  • Patterson, Thomas E. 2000. “The United States: news in a free-market society.” In Democracy and the media: a comparative perspective, edited by Richard Gunther and Anthony Mughan, 241-265. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Rossenwasser, David and Stephen, Jill. 2012. Writing analytically with readings. Boston: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
  • Salgado, Susana and Jesper Strömbäck. 2012. “Interpretive journalism: a review of concepts, operationalizations and key findings.” Journalism 13(2): 144-161.
  • Siegal, Allan M. and William G. Connolly. 2015. The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage (5 ed.) New York: Three Rivers Press.
  • The Trust Project (2017). Statement of principles and trust indicators. Available at: Thetrustproject
  • Wyatt, Robert O. and David P. Badger. 1993. “A new typology for journalism and mass communication writing.” Journalism Educator (Spring 1993): 3-11.